Artificial Intelligence and Its Types with the Best AI Course in India

by kbing

Artificial intelligence, commonly known as AI, was created to perform like human beings. AI particularly refers to those technologies that make computers and robots act like intelligent beings. There are many software engineers who say that it is Artificial Intelligence, that often acts as well as humans, sometimes, better even. The performance of artificial intelligence only concerns human conceptual accuracy, capacity, and speed. An artificial intelligence course, in recent times, is considered to be extremely beneficial for data science and AI aspirants. They not only equip the students with detailed knowledge and rigorous training, but they also provide degrees that help the students get jobs best suited for them. 


Artificial intelligence is a theory that is being constantly worked upon. New discoveries are being made quite frequently. Businesses all over the world are adopting artificial intelligence to perform better in the market. Some AI-driven tasks used by businesses are decision-making, speech recognition, visual perception, etc. At one point, these were considered as qualities specific to humans, but not anymore. Human beings are capable of learning new things as they go along, but with the emergence and rapid growth of data, machines with artificial intelligence have also become capable of acquiring this particular human feature. When machines learn without exclusive human interference, it is called Machine Learning. 


History of Artificial Intelligence

An American computer scientist named John McCarthy (1927-2011) who was also a cognitive scientist, first came up with the term ‘Artificial Intelligence’. He was, in fact, one of the founding members of the discipline of AI. McCarthy is also known as the Father of Artificial Intelligence. 


McCarthy was awarded the Turing Award for his matchless contributions to the field of AI. He was also a recipient of the Kyoto Prize and the United States National Medal of Science. McCarthy wrote an article in 1979, where he stated, Machines as simple as thermostats can be said to have beliefs, and having beliefs seems to be a characteristic of most machines capable of problem-solving performance.


He gave the world something at a time when nobody could even think of machines doing work that require human competence. The emergence of Artificial Intelligence has been proven to be a boon for humankind, and in today’s world, it is impossible for us to spend one single day without the application of artificial intelligence. 


Understanding Four Types of Artificial Intelligence with the Finest Artificial Intelligence Course in India

The discipline of Artificial Intelligence is bottomless, and it is divided into several different categories and subsets. But, there are four main types of AI that we get to see at work. All of these four AI types were not created with equal amounts of capability or quality. Each one differs from the other. Some are way more sophisticated than others, and some are not even technically effective at present. However, according to the current AI system of classification, there are four principal types of Artificial Intelligence. They are Reactive AI, Limited Memory AI, Theory of Mind AI, and Self-aware AI. Best one is AI and Machine Learning Masters Program Training in Riyadh.


  • Reactive Artificial Intelligence

Reactive AI is the most basic type of artificial intelligence. Reactive AI is programmed in a particular manner so that it can provide predictable output built on the inputs it receives. Machines that work with reactive AI are programmed to respond to identical situations in a very similar way each of the time. These machines are not capable of learning new actions and have no capacity to conceive of the past or future. Examples of reactive artificial intelligence include: 

  1. spam filters for email that help keep promotional messages away from mail inbox
  2. Deep Blue, the chess-playing supercomputer from IBM, that defeated world chess champion, Garry Kasparov
  3. The recommendation engine for Netflix


Reactive AI was a grand discovery in itself and an extremely brave step towards the bright future of the development of artificial intelligence. However, reactive artificial intelligence is not creative. It is not programmed to perform tasks based on the knowledge that is not fed to it. Reactive AI is also inherently limited and restricted and is not open for improvement. That is why computer scientists were forced to develop another type of AI known as limited memory AI. 


  • Limited Memory Artificial Intelligence

Limited memory AI is programmed to learn from the previous actions so that it could build experiential knowledge by making thorough observations of actions and data. This particular type of artificial intelligence makes use of historical observational data along with pre-programmed information, to predict and perform intricate classification tasks. As per artificial intelligence courses, Limited memory AI is the type of AI that is used most widely in the world business market. 


For instance, autonomous cars use limited memory artificial intelligence to observe the speed and direction of other cars. It helps autonomous vehicles read the road, get a clear perception of the road, and adjust as required. These are a few processes that make autonomous vehicles safe because, in the process, these vehicles constantly understand and interpret incoming data. However, limited memory artificial intelligence, as the name itself suggests, is limited in nature. The nature of this particular type of artificial intelligence is fleeting, and the autonomous cars that work with it, cannot store information and data in their long-term memory. 


  • Theory of Mind Artificial Intelligence

Theory of mind AI is one of the greatest inventions of science. It is suggested that this particular AI will help a person to have a meaningful conversation with “emotionally intelligent” robots who will look and sound exactly like human beings. The horizon of the theory of mind AI is bottomless. With this particular type of artificial intelligence, machines will be capable of acquiring proper decision-making abilities similar to human beings. Machines that will work with the theory of mind AI will also be capable of understanding and remembering emotions, then modify their behaviour based on similar emotions as they keep on interacting with people. 


There is still a number of obstacles to achieving the theory of mind AI, because of the very fact that it has to shift its own behaviour based on constantly fluctuating human emotion, which is very common in human communication. It is getting more and more difficult for intelligent machines to mimic human emotions as they are countless, but the quest is on!


  • Self-aware Artificial Intelligence

Self-aware AI is the most advanced type of AI as stated by most of the artificial intelligence courses. When machines will be aware of their own emotions along with that of others around them, they will develop a level of consciousness and intelligence within themselves just like any other human being. This particular type of artificial intelligence will have its own desires, needs, and emotions. Machines that will have self-aware AI will be completely aware of their internal emotional states. They will also be capable of interacting with humans that is not possible with any other AIs, such as, “I’m feeling angry because I was cut off in traffic”. Scientists have not yet developed an AI as sophisticated as this, and they also do not have the required hardware or algorithms to support it. 



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